Monday, 30 April 2012

Sofware Requirement : Server Software

Software such as Windows Server 2003, Windows NT and Red Hat Linux are some of the examples of server software. All of these software fall under the Network Operating System.

An operating system is the program that first loads when a computer boots and manages any other software or hardware on the computer.

A Network Operating System or known as NOS, has additional functionality that allows it to connect computers and peripherals to a network.

A Network Operating System is most frequently used with Local Area Networks and Wide Area Networks, but could also have application to larger network systems.

A NOS is not the same as the networking tools provided by some existing operating systems, Windows XP for instance.

NOS is an operating system that has been specifically written to keep networks running at optimal performance.


Some popular Network Operating Systems include:
  • Windows NT
  • Windows 2000 Server
  • Windows Server 2003
  • Red Hat Linux
Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 2003.
It was the first 23-bit version of Windows. Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 are the latest versions of Windows NT.

Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K or W2K) is graphical and business-oriented operating system. It is part of the Microsoft NT line of operating systems and was released on February 17, 2000.
Windows 2000 comes in four versions which are Professional, Server, Advanced Server and Datacenter Server.
Additionally, Microsoft offers Windows 2000 Advanced Server-Limited edition, which was released in 2001 and runs on 64-bit Intel Itanium Microprocessor.

Windows Server 2003 is the name of Microsoft’s line of server operating systems. It was introduced in April 2003 as the successor to Windows 2000 Server.
It is considered by Microsoft to be the cornerstone of their Windows Server System line of business server products.

Red Hat Linux was one of the most popular Linux distributions, assembled by Red Hat. It is one of the “middle-aged” Linux distributions; 1.0 was released in November 3rd, 1994.
Since 2003, Red Hat has discontinued the Red Hat Linux line in favour of its new Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
Red Hat Linux 9, the final release, ended on April 30th, 2004, although the Fedora Legacy project continues to publish updates.

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